My top ten spider highlights of 2019 and the full species list

Posted by Graeme Lyons , Saturday 4 January 2020 18:18

I recorded 391 species of spider in 2019 and 88 of these were lifers. December proved to be the best month of all where I added 42 species and 38 of these were lifers! 21 lifers in Staffs and 16 on the trip to the West Country. Here are my top ten spider highlights in reverse order:

11. My first ever Singa hamata
I had literally just met a new client at a site in Hampshire and in the first sweep net full was this Singa hamata. Being much larger than I expected it to be and not remotely on my radar for the site, I squealed "What the @*&! is that!". Turns out it's the first Hampshire record since 1991.

10. Rye Harbour
It was great meeting up with Matt, Chris and others at Rye Harbour, Camber Sands and Castle Water and we added shed loads of species to our year lists in the time we were there. Such as this female Pellenes tripunctatus.

9. More and more rare spiders recorded at Graffham Common
I pushed up the total number of species recorded on Sussex Wildlife Trust's reserves to exactly 400 species by the end of 2019 and Graffham Common shines out as a brilliant spider site, including probably the best place I know to find Araniella displicata.

8. Cementing Iping Common as the best site in Sussex for spiders 
With 220 species and 55 with conservation status, Iping Common is confidently the top spider site in Sussex. Probably the best day there was in spring when I recorded Mecopisthes peusi (last recorded there in 1968 and in Sussex in 1989). Additionally, I also recorded Tapinocyba mitis on the same day in late February. It was around this point that I had started throwing some time and energy into year listing spiders and was really getting into it.

7. East Head invertebrate survey
The spiders on this sand dune site in West Sussex are just amazing but this little chap stole my heart. Sitticus saltator you are the best.

6. Stumbling across Haplodrassus silvestris on a woodland ride
Probably the most unexpected spider of the year. I was heading rapidly across a site to do a survey and saw what I thought was a Scotophaeus blackwalli. It was actually the first Sussex Haplodrassus silvestris since 1908.

5. Finding Scotina palliardii twice in West Sussex. 
A single animal at Levin Down on my birthday and 16+ at Kingley Vale in mid Deecmber. The first Sussex records for some time with only one known record with a vague date for Shoreham.

4. A day out in Devon
Meeting up with Matt for only the second time in 2019 but this time on his turf got me a shed load of ticks and it was great to meet up with John Walters too who took us right up to four Nothophantes horridus.

3. Kynance Cove
Tylan Berry took me to Kynance Cove on the Lizard and we recorded five national rarities in an hour and four of these were new to me, I think the highlight for me was finding an adult female Segestria bavarica under the second rock I turned over but the rarest would be the Gnaphosa occidentalis.

2. Philodromus fallax!!!
After years of searching for it in a range of different sand dunes, it popped out of a Marram tussock in early November just as I was leaving Camber Sands in East Sussex! What a beauty.

1.The Staffordshire Hoard
I couldn't have done it without the big twist at the end of the year. I went on holiday by mistake. Didn't think my final move would be quite as successful as it was but the trip to the Roaches where I had five lifers (and the following day at Gun Moor where I had another six) was awesome and without these two days specifically it would have been a different result. Finding some real upland species like this Porrhomma montanum under the first rock I looked at was really lucky up the Roaches. I can't believe I just said my highlight of the year was a Porrhomma. It was the whole experience, not just this spider though. The Roaches are just breathtaking. Schwingmoor is so much fun and I can't get enough of all that Sphagnum. Low cloud can do one though.

So there we have it. The winter money spiders were the thing that did it for me the most. Anyway, as promised, here are all 391 species in the order I recorded them (approximately - those at the start are a bit random, maybe the first 60 or so species). A total of 88 lifers or 22.5% were new species for me! Of the 391 species, 315 were in Sussex and 261 were on Sussex Wildlife Trust reserves.

I have totally levelled up with spiders this year and this is the key point to remember, the winners here are the spiders and spider recording. It's great to see so many people listing spiders this year now but I won't be, I need a break. Nice to have a record to smash, I am sure someone will get 400 soon. Massive thanks to Matt for starting the whole thing. Here is my full list. Lifers in bold. Typos expected. Look how the lifers stack up at the end!

Order Species Status
1 Pisaura mirabilis
2 Pholcus phalangioides
3 Steatoda nobilis
4 Erigone atra
5 Meioneta mollis NR
6 Neon reticulatus
7 Diaea dorsata
8 Gongylidium rufipes
9 Anelosimus vittatus
10 Coelotes atropos
11 Steatoda grossa
12 Pholcomma gibbum
13 Phrurolithus festivus
14 Harpactea hombergi
15 Tenuiphantes tenebricola
16 Ero aphana NS
17 Macoreris nidicolens
18 Megalepthythantes nr. collinus
19 Bathyphantes gracilis
20 Tenuiphantes zimmermani
21 Palliduphantes ericaeus
22 Tenuiphantes mengei
23 Crustulina guttata
24 Cercidia prominens NS
25 Zora spinimana
26 Philodromus aureolus
27 Pseudeuophrys lanigera
28 Segestria senoculata
29 Alopecosa barbipes
30 Pachygnatha clerki
31 Psilochorus simoni
32 Xygiella x-notata
33 Kochiura aulicus NS
34 Mangora acalypha
35 Simitidion simile
36 Zilla diodia
37 Agalenetea redii
38 Hypsosinga pygmaea
39 Pachygnatha degeeri
40 Pardosa nigriceps
41 Episinus angulatus
42 Lathys humilis
43 Talavera petrensis NR
44 Hypsosinga sanguina
45 Hypsosinga albomaculata NS
46 Euophrys frontalis
47 Episinus truncatus NS
48 Philodromus histrio NS
49 Pardosa saltans
50 Lophomma punctatum
51 Clubiona lutescens
52 Cnephalocotes obscurus
53 Savignya frontata
54 Pepenocranium ludicrum
55 Meioneta rurestris
56 Kaestneria pullata
57 Micrargus herbigradus
58 Gonatium rubens
59 Mecopisthes peusi NS
60 Tapinocyba mitis NR
61 Micrommata virescens NS
62 Hypselestes jacksoni NS
63 Ozyptila atomaria
64 Ero cambridgei
65 Notioscopus sarcinatus NS
66 Oedothorax gibbosus
67 Taranuncus setosus NS
68 Clubiona subtilis
69 Nuctenea umbratica
70 Marpissa muscosa NS
71 Metellina segmentata
72 Hahnia nava
73 Minyorilus pusillus
74 Gibbaranea gibbosa
75 Metopobactrus prominulus
76 Amaurobius fenestralis
77 Cyclosa conica
78 Larinioides cornutus
79 Tenuiphantes tenuis
80 Neottiura bimaculaa
81 Microneta varia
82 Oedothorax apicatus
83 Tegenaria gigantea
84 Hypomma bitubermaculatum
85 Amaurobius similis
86 Coelotes terrestris NS
87 Uloborus plumipes
88 Labulla thoracica
89 Lepthyphantes minutus
90 Clubiona corticalis
91 Araniella displicata NR
92 Ozyptila trux
93 Tenuiphantes flavipes
94 Ozyptila brevipes
95 Gnanthonarium dentatum
96 Ero furcata
97 Walckenaria nudipalpis
98 Porrhomma pygmaeum
99 Walckenaeria unicornis
100 Silomeptus ambiguus NS
101 Halorates reprobus NS
102 Tiso vagans
103 Xysticus cristatus
104 Neriene clathrata
105 Sintula corniger NS
106 Salticus scenicus
107 Theridiosoma gemmosum NS
108 Arctosa perita
109 Microlinyphia pusilla
110 Diplostya concolor
111 Oedothorax retusus
112 Bathyphantes parvulus
113 Clubiona phragmitis
114 Clubiona stagnatalis
115 Ceratinopsis stativa NS
116 Amaurobius ferox
117 Dysdera croccata
118 Araneus diadematus
119 Alopecosa cuneata NS
120 Bathyphantes approximatus
121 Enoplagnatha thoracica
122 Erigone dentipalpis
123 Euryopis flavomaculata NS
124 Araneus triguttatus
125 Walckernaria antica
126 Pardosa pullata
127 Pardosa paludicola NR
128 Dipoena inornata NS
129 Pelecopsis parallella
130 Sibianor aurocinctus NS
131 Dictyna arundinacea
132 Padiscura pallens
133 Clubiona compta
134 Neriene peltata
135 Textrix denticulata
136 Trochosa ruricola
137 Clubiona diversa
138 Panamomops sulcifrons NS
139 Talavera aequipes
140 Drasyllus pusillus
141 Xysticus kochi
142 Phlegra fasciculata NR
143 Sitticus saltator NS
144 Stemonyphantes lineatus
145 Crustulina sticta NS
146 Ceratinopsis romana NR
147 Pardosa proxima NS
148 Zelotes electus NS
149 Walckenaeria vigilax
150 Cheiracanthium erraticum
151 Anyphaenea accentuata
152 Trematocephalus cristatus NS
153 Pardosa prativaga
154 Alopecosa pulverulenta
155 Ozyptila sanctuaria
156 Micaria pulicaria
157 Trochosa terricola
158 Xysticus audax
159 Xerolycosa miniata NS
160 Thanatus striatus NS
161 Agelena labyrinthica
162 Trachyzelotes pedestris
163 Monocephalus fuscipes
164 Clubiona terrestris
165 Xysticus bifasciatus NS
166 Phaecodeus braccatus NR
167 Theridion mystaceum
168 Pardosa monticola
169 Hybocoptus decolatus NS
170 Xerolycosa nemoralis NS
171 Evarcha arcuata NS
172 Hypomma cornutum
173 Antistea elegens
174 Zelotes latreilli
175 Neriene montana
176 Episinus maculipes NS
177 Dicymbium nigrum
178 Misumena vatia
179 Ballus chalybeius NS
180 Mermmessus trilobatus
181 Pardosa agrestis NS
182 Myrmarachne formicaria NS
183 Platnickina tincta
184 Heliophanus flavipes
185 Diplocephalus cristsatus
186 Argenna subnigra NS
187 Pirata piraticus
188 Dolomedes plantarius NR
189 Argyroneta aquatica
190 Arctosa leopardus
191 Podacinemis juncea
192 Pardosa amentata
193 Scotina palliardii NR
194 Zodarion italicum NS
195 Xysticus lanio
196 Cicurina cicur NS
197 Hylyphantes graminicola
198 Linyphia hortensis
199 Theridion impressum
200 Robertus arundineti (26th April)
201 Dictyna uncinata
202 Ozyptila nigrita NS
203 Xysticus erraticus
204 Neoscona adianta
205 Neon pictus NR
206 Theridion melanurum
207 Haplodrassus signifer
208 Philodromus albidus
209 Pardosa palustris
210 Erigonella hiemalis
211 Araneus quadratus
212 Singa hamata NS
213 Maso sundavelli
214 Pachygnatha listeri
215 Araniella curcurbitina
216 Araniella opisthographa
217 Ozyptila simplex
218 Metellina merianae
219 Osterius melanopygius NS
220 Argenna patula NS
221 Enoplognatha mordax NS
222 Heliophanus cupreus
223 Clubiona reclusa
224 Theridion sisyphium
225 Erigone arctica
226 Pardosa purbeckensis
227 Drassyllus lutetianus NS
228 Pirata latitans
229 Dolomedes fimbriatus NS
230 Philodromus rufus
231 Xysticus ulmi
232 Theridion pictum
233 Xysticus acerbus NR
234 Tibellus oblongus
235 Pirata hygrophilus
236 Philodromus dispar
237 Theridion blackwalli NS
238 Uloborus walckenaeria NR
239 Evarcha falcata
240 Philodromus margaritatus NR
241 Pocadicnemis pusillus
242 Araneus sturmi
243 Pirata uliginosus
244 Kaestneria dorsalis
245 Dipoena prona NR
246 Maso gallica NS
247 Tetragnatha montana
248 Erigone promiscua
249 Tetragnatha extensa
250 Clubiona brevipes
251 Clubiona pallidula
252 Aellurillus v-insignitis NS
253 Gongylidiellum vivum
254 Neriene furtiva NS
255 Haplodrassus silvestris NS
256 Theridion varians
257 Pellenes tripunctatus NR
258 Trichopterna cito NR
259 Drassodes lapidosus
260 Trichoncus affinis NR
261 Marpissa nivoyi NS
262 Argiope brunnechi
263 Cheiracanthium virescens NS
264 Haplodrassus dalmatiensis NS
265 Lathys stigmatissima NR
266 Drassodes cupreus
267 Tetragnatha obtusa
268 Anyphaena sabina
269 Nigma puella NS
270 Philodromus collinus
271 Dictyna latens
272 Rugathodes instabilis NS
273 Philodromus praedatus
274 Araneus angulatus NS
275 Steatoda phalarata
276 Zygiella atrcia
277 Achaeranea simulans
278 Enoplognatha ovata
279 Sitticus pubescens
280 Philodromus cespitum
281 Ozyptila praticola
282 Linyphia triangularis
283 Drapetisca socialis
284 Theridion pinastri NS
285 Dipoena erythropus NR
286 Scotina celans NS
287 Steatoda bipunctata
288 Agyneta cauta NS
289 Dipoena tristis NS
290 Enoplognatha latimana
291 Hahnia montana
292 Erigone longipalpis
293 Tetragnatha nigrita
294 Ero tuberculata NS
295 Sitticus inexpectus NS
296 Thomisus onustus NS
297 Scotina gracilipes NS
298 Araneus alsine NS
299 Achaeranea lunata
300 Agroeca inopina
301 Agroeca proxima
302 Oonops domesticus
303 Salticus cingulatus
304 Scytodes thoracica
305 Nigma walckenaeria
306 Walckneaeria acuminata
307 Helophorus insignis
308 Gonatium rubellum
309 Ceratinella brevipes
310 Robertus neglectus NS
311 Larinioides scloptarius
312 Tetragnatha striata
313 Segestria florentina
314 Araeoncus humilis
315 Centromerita concinna
316 Araneus marmoreus
317 Floronia bucculenta
318 Diplocephalus latifrons
319 Tenuiphantes cristatus
320 Centromerus dilutus
321 Walckenaeria cuspidata
322 Philodromus buxi
323 Typhochrestus digitatus NS
324 Pirata piscatorius NS
325 Pelecopsis nemoraloides NS
326 Dysdera erythrina
327 Clubiona trivialis
328 Walckenaeria monocerus NS
329 Agroeca cuprea NR
330 Philodromus fallax NR
331 Ceratinella brevis
332 Palliduphantes pallidus
333 Agroeca brunnea
334 Tapinopa longidens
335 Hahnia helveola
336 Meta menardi
337 Centromerus arcanus
338 Meioneta simplicitarsis NS
339 Lepthyphantes leprosus
340 Porhomma microthphalmum
341 Nesticus cellulanus
342 Macrargus rufus
343 Robertus lividus
344 Oedothorax fuscus
345 Tallusia experta
346 Metellina mengei
347 Monocephalus castaneipes NS
348 Centromerus sylvaticus
349 Centromerita bicolor
350 Walcknaeria nodosa NS
351 Tenuiphantes alacris
352 Nothophantes horridus NR
353 Cryptachea blattea
354 Tegeneria saeva
355 Thyreosthenius parasiticus
356 Pelecopsis sussanae
357 Clubiona genevensis NR
358 Gnaphosa occidentalis NR
359 Euophrys herbigrada NR
360 Segestria bavarica NR
361 Achaearanea tepidariorum
362 Cryphoeca silvicola
363 Tegenaria silvestris
364 Gongylidiellum latebricola NS
365 Centromerus serratus NR
366 Walckenaria alticeps NS
367 Porrhomma pallidum
368 Drassyllus praeficus NS
369 Scotophaeus blackwalli
370 Dicymbium tibiale
371 Erigonella ignobilis NS
372 Bolyphantes luteolus
373 Poeciloneta globosa
374 Centromerus prudens
375 Porrhomma montanum NS
376 Scotionyrilus evansi NS
377 Saaristoa abnormis
378 Theonoe minutissima
379 Micrargus apertus
380 Tapinocyba pallens
381 Aphileta misera
382 Bolyphantes alticeps
383 Oonops pulcher
384 Saaristoa firma NS
385 Bathyphantes nigrinus
386 Latithorax faustus NS
387 Agyneta decora
388 Oryphantes angulatus NS
389 Hilaira excisa
390 Pelecopsis mengei
391 Gongylidiellum murcidum NS

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